Same sex marriage and the Australian states
The debate over whether to recognise same-sex marriage has attracted the attention of almost every Australian legislature. In addition to the marriage equality bills introduced into federal Parliament,1 proposals have been introduced into the Parliaments of Tasmania, NSW, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.2 Of the states, only Queensland has not seen such a bill.
Tasmania has come closer than any other state to enacting a same-sex marriage law. Its Same-Sex Marriage Bill 2012 was introduced in August of that year. Within two days, the Bill passed the lower house 13 votes to 11. It then failed to pass the upper house by 8 votes to 6 on 27 September 2012. By contrast, same-sex marriage bills have failed to pass either house in the NSW, Victorian or South Australia Parliaments, and the fate of the Western Australia Bill is yet to be determined.