The Committee’s report card on children’s rights in Australia indicates that despite some positive developments over the last few years, such as the recent establishment of a National Children’s Commissioner, the situation for many children in Australia continues to be of serious concern and one of international significance. The Committee expressed frustration at the ongoing failure of Australia to implement key general measures of the CRC, including:
- comprehensive legislation enshrining children’s rights in Australia’s domestic law;
- adequate coordination between government departments and federal and state governments; and
- a National Plan of Action to implement the CRC in Australia.
The Committee also raised concerns in relation to the allocation of adequate resources, data collection, international aid and the human rights obligations of the business sector.
In addition to these important institutional issues, the Committee expressed concern about a range of issues affecting children in Australia, such as: violence against women and children; children in out-of-home care; abuse and neglect; access to health services; children and young people who are homeless; early childhood care and education; and asylum-seeking and refugee children.
In addition, the Committee highlighted the continued serious and widespread discrimination against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and made a number of recommendations focusing on the importance of meaningful participation, empowering children and supporting community-based programs to advance the rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children.
A copy of the Committee’s Concluding Observations is available at http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/docs/co/CRC_C_AUS_CO_4.pdf.
A coalition of NGOs submitted a comprehensive report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in May 2011. A copy of the NGO Report, Listen to children, is available at http://www.childrights.org.au/, together with NGO materials including fact sheets and information about the CRC.
BEN SCHOKMAN and RACHEL BALL are from the Human Rights Law Centre.